Tennis is a sport usually played between two players (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a racket that is strung to strike a rubber ball covered with felt over a net into the opponent’s court. One point is given to the opponent when a player fails to hit the ball before the second bounce, when the ball he hits does not go over the net or into the opposite side of the court. There are singles, doubles, and mixed doubles. In the past, it was also referred to as “lawn tennis” and “softball tennis.”Total days of play :9 days
|Singles :Men, Women||Doubles :Men, Women, Mixed|
Competition takes place in a tournament format
Each game consists of 3 sets. Except for the third set, the overtime for first and second sets will be held in a tie-break system (the first player to score 7 points wins).
< Standard Game >
The following are the scores for a standard game of tennis. The serving player’s score is called out first.
: 0 – “love”
: First point – “15”
: Second point – “30”
: Third Point – “40”
: Fourth Point – “game”
If both players score three points, it is called out as “deuce”.
If a player scores the point following “deuce,” it is called out as “advantage.”
If that player scores the next point, he wins the game. If the opponent scores the next point, the score is once again “deuce.”
In other words a player needs to score two consecutive points to win the game after “deuce,”
< Tie Break Game >
In a tie break game, scores are called out as “0”, “1”, “2”, “3”, The player wins the game and the set if he scores seven points with more than two point difference against the opponent. If the point difference is less than two points, deuce will continue until two point difference is achieved.
The first serve of the tie break game will follow the order from the standard game. The next two serves will be made by the opponent (in doubles, by the player whose turn it is to serve according to order). Players will take turns making two consecutive serves until the end of the tie break game.
The player who made the first serve in the tie break game becomes the receiver in the first game of the next set.
There are two different methods of scoring sets, “advantage set” and “tie break set.” Universiade Games use the tie break set, with the exception of the final set which uses the advantage set.
a. “Advantage Set”
The player that first wins six games with more than two game difference wins. If necessary, players play until two game difference is achieved.
b. “Tie Break Set”
The player who first wins the game wins the set. However, there must be a two game difference. When the set reaches six games all, a tie break is played.
No third place playoff, both players defeated in semi-finals are awarded bronze medals.
Tennis originated from a game popular in France between 12th~16th centuries called “La Paum.” This ball game, popular among aristocrats and monks, was played by hitting a ball to the opponent with the palm of the hand. It developed into a game called “jeu de paume” and played by French aristocrats and priests in the 13th century. In this game, round balls made of fur or cloth was hit with the palm of either bare hands or gloved hands. The ball must pass the barrier in the middle of the court and touch one of the 3 walls on the opposite side. Then, the opponent hits the ball either directly or after one bounce. The name of the game was coined when the English returned to their country around 1360 and referred to it as “tennez,” meaning “to hit the ball. At the time, gloves were worn because it caused damage to the bare hand. Rackets emerged towards late 15th century.
Major Wingfield, an Englishman in serving in India, developed rules for the game in 1873 and the game spread widely soon after. He specified the measurements for the court and net, and agreed to create one set of rules with the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1875, which led to modern day tennis. Tennis was introduced in Korea around 1900s. Tennis is believed to have been first played by officials from a government body formerly called the “Architectural Bureau” as they formed a tennis club and built courts to play.
The Korea Tennis Association was formed in November of 1945. It joined the Korean Olympic Committee in September of 1953 and later changed its name to “Korean Lawn Tennis Association.”