Rhythmic Gymnastics

Rhythmic Gymnastics
  • Rhythmic Gymnastics

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    • Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that combines rhythmic movement and music in a unique expression of character by individuals or groups with the use of clubs, hoops, balls, ribbons and ropes. Also referred to as modern gymnastics or modern rhythmic gymnastics, this full-body sport incorporates elements of floor exercises, free gymnastics exercises and dance.

      Total days of play :3days


    Group competition

    Group all-around 1, Group apparatus finals 2(Single apparatus, Multiple apparatus)


    Individual competition

    Individual all-around 1, Individual apparatus finals 4


    ▶ Competition categories

    Rhythmic gymnastics is comprised of the individual competition and the group competition. Gymnasts in the individual competition perform four exercises, each with a different apparatus among the 5 apparatus, while in the senior group competitions, groups perform once with identical apparatus and again with two different apparatus (e.g. 2 balls + 3 hoops). Exercises are presented in the following order: rope à hoop à ball à clubs à ribbon. (One apparatus is excluded on a rotation basis in every two-year competition cycle.)

    The duration of an individual exercise is from 1.15’ to 1.30’, while the duration is 2.15’ to 2.30’ for groups.


    ▶ Rope

    Using a rope made of hemp or other synthetic materials, gymnasts execute elements from the Apparatus Technical Group that include jumps, rotations, swings, throws and catches and wraps that are harmoniously presented with Body Group elements such as jumps and leaps.

    Rope exercises should include 6 to 12 Body Difficulty elements from the Fundamental Groups of Body Movement (jumps/leaps) and up to 2 elements from each of the other Body Groups – balances, pivots and flexibility.

    Jumps and leaps of the Fundamental Body Group must reach sufficient heights, and have a defined and fixed shape during flight while maintaining amplitude. Body movements that do not exist in harmony with the apparatus will not receive high body difficulty scores.


    ▶ Hoop

    Made of plastic or wood, the hoop is 80 to 90 cm in diameter and weighs at least 300 grams.

    Hoop exercises consist of Apparatus Group elements such as rolls over the body or on the floor, rotations, throws and catches, passing through the hoop, passing over the hoop, swings, circles and figure eights that are combined harmoniously with elements from the Fundamental Body Groups.

    Hoop exercises must present elements from the four Fundamental Body Groups – jumps/leaps, pivots, balance and flexibility/waves – where there cannot be more than 4 Difficulties from any Body Group.

    The penalty for the uneven presentation of Body Groups is 0.50, and the penalty for exceeding the maximum number of Difficulties from any Body Group is also 0.50 point.


    ▶ Ball

    The ball is made of rubber or plastic, and is 18 to 20 cm in diameter with a minimum weight of 400 grams. The Apparatus Group elements for ball exercises include throws and catches, bouncing, rolling, swings, circles and figure eights. These apparatus elements must be harmoniously presented together with elements from the Fundamental Body Group of flexibility/waves.

    All throws and catches should be one-handed, and any gripping of the ball is regarded as a disconnection in the presentation. Flexibility/waves Difficulties should be executed while supported by one foot, both feet or another part of the body and must maintain a defined and fixed shape and be of sufficient amplitude.

    A Difficulty is not counted if the apparatus remains static during the execution of the Difficulty, and the apparatus must remain in movement from the moment the gymnast assumes a flexibility position until she moves onto the next pose.


    ▶ Clubs

    Clubs are made out of wood or synthetic materials and must each weigh a minimum of 150 grams.  Elements in the Apparatus Groups for clubs include small circles, mills, throws and catches, tapping, thrusts, figure eights and asymmetric movements, which are coordinated with elements from the Fundamental Body Group of balance.

    Gymnasts must handle the head part of their clubs for at least 50% of the presentation, and asymmetric movements must involve different movements for each club (in their shape, amplitude or work planes or direction).

    All Balance Difficulties must be executed on the toes or on one knee, and should be well-defined and have a clearly fixed shape while having sufficient amplitude.

    Each Balance Difficulty must be connected with at least two apparatus elements in order to be counted as a Difficulty. The Difficulty is not counted if the apparatus is static during the execution, and the apparatus must remain in movement from the moment the gymnast assumes a balance position until she moves onto the next pose.


    ▶ Ribbon

    The stick of this apparatus is made of wood or plastic that is 50 to 60 cm long, while the ribbon is made of satin or a similar woven material that is 4 to 6 cm wide and at least 35 grams in weight.

    Ribbon exercises consist of Apparatus Group elements including snakes, spirals, thrusts, swings, circles, figure eights, throws, boomerang throws, small tosses and passing through the ribbon and elements from the Fundamental Body Group of Pivots.

    All pivot elements must be executed on the toes and the gymnast must maintain a defined and fixed shape during the entire rotation, where the amplitude and level of the shape determines the difficulty of the element.

    The free leg must be raised at the beginning of the rotation and must be lowered on the same plane and in the same direction at the end of the rotation. The total value of the Difficulty is cancelled if the shape of the rotation is compromised.


    ▶ Scoring

    Technical faults are judged by execution judges (E), while the artistic components (music and choreography) of the exercises are judged by artistic judges (A). Difficulty judges (D) evaluate the technical value of each exercise.

    * Final score = Execution score (10.00 points maximum) + Final composition score {(A+D)/2}


    Rhythmic gymnastics evolved in the 1800s from a number of related disciplines, and is a sport that incorporates the German emphasis on apparatus, the Swedish approach of free exercise, along with elements of classic ballet such as ‘pliés’ and ‘arabesques’.

    Choreographed group gymnastics grew slowly until the first competitions were held in eastern Europe in the 1930s.

    The FIG recognized rhythmic gymnastics as an official discipline in 1963, and organized an international competition in Budapest for the following year. In 1964, this competition was held as the first Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships, and Ludmila Savinkova of the Soviet Union became the first champion.